Mountains for Kids
For Kids: Legend says ... About 2,500 years ago, there was an ancient Greek who loved to climb mountains. Some people insisted he was looking for the homes of the gods. But really, he just like to climb mountains. Fortunately for him, Greece has a great many mountains to climb! One day, Xenophanes (we'll call him Xeno for short, for X marks the spot) was out climbing a mountain when he stumbled across a very odd rock. It appeared to be made of seashells. But it was most definately a rock! The only way Zeno could figure out how a rock made of seashells could be found at the top of a mountain was if once upon a time that rock had been at the bottom of a sea. All his neighbors in ancient Greece laughed at his rock, and his conclusion, but Xeno was quite right!
Some mountains are formed by volcanoes. But mountain ranges are often formed by folding. That's when a long ridge is slowly (very slowly) pushed up from the earth, with peaks and valleys. The Alps, the Rockies, the Andes, and the Himalayas are examples of mountain ranges made by folding.